ENME

ENME Patents

Patents by Year
2013 2009
2012 2008
2011 2007
2010  

Patent Image From:
"Novel Configuration of Thermoelectric Coolers to High-Heat-Flux Hot Spots"

figure 2Patent Image From:
"Fiber Tip Based Sensor System for Measurements of Pressure Gradient, Air Particle Velocity and Acoustic Intensity"

Patents Issued in 2016

  1. "Optimizing and controlling the energy consumption of a building." (U.S. Patent 9,261,863) was awarded to Jungho Kim and fellow collaborators Christopher Sloop, David Oberholzer, Robert Marshall and Michael Siemann on February 16, 2016. "Described herein are methods and systems, including computer program products, for optimizing and controlling the energy consumption of a building. A first computing device generates a set of thermal response coefficients for the building based on energy characteristics of the building and weather data associated with the location of the building. The first computing device predicts an energy response of the building based on the set of thermal response coefficients and forecasted weather associated with the location of the building. The first computing device selects minimal energy requirements of the building based on an energy consumption cost associated with the building. The first computing device determines one or more temperature set points for the building based on the energy response and the minimal energy requirements. The first computing device transmits the one or more temperature set points to a thermostat of the building."

Patents Issued in 2013

  1. "Method to extract parameters from in-situ monitored signals for prognostics," (U.S. Patent 8,521,443) was awarded to Michael Pecht on August 27, 2013.  "Through the methods of this invention, prognostics tools are provided to more efficiently and more accurately predict when a component product may fail. In a first embodiment a method is described whereby a number of environmental factors are monitored, the provided sensors obtaining raw data, variations in said raw data measured, the parameters of interest extracted and binned according to predetermined criteria, with the raw data thereafter discarded. In a second embodiment of the invention, the same sensor readings are recorded along with the performance characteristics for the component/product and compared to estimated performance for the product. The performance drift is then observed, whereby in monitoring said drift, trends may be determined and time or cycles to failure predicted."

  2. "Biology-inspired miniature system and method for sensing and localizing acoustic signals," (U.S. Patent 8,503,693) was awarded to Associate Professor Miao Yu and postdoctoral researcher Haijun Liu Ph.D. '12 on August 6, 2013.  "A system and method for sensing acoustic sounds is provided having at least one directional sensor, each directional sensor including at least two compliant membranes for moving in reaction to an excitation acoustic signal and at least one compliant bridge. Each bridge is coupled to at least a respective first and second membrane of the at least two membranes for moving in response to movement of the membranes it is coupled to for causing movement of the first membrane to be related to movement of the second membrane when either of the first and second membranes moves in response to excitation by the excitation signal. The directional sensor is controllably rotated to locate a source of the excitation signal, including determining a turning angle based on a linear relationship between the directionality information and sound source position described in experimentally calibrated data."

  3. Prognostics and Health Management Implementation for Self Cognizant Electronic Products,” (U.S. Patent 8,494,807 B2) was issued to Michael Pecht and Jie Gu on July 23, 2013. “The present invention provides a method to implement prognostics and health management (PHM) in individual electronic products (such as parts, components, boards, assemblies, devices, systems, and systems of systems). The PHM algorithm is performed during product screening tests, diagnostic processes, or after the manufacturer process. Certain performance, signal values and parameters, environmental and operational loads, or their correlations are recorded, extracted, and stored in electronic memory for that particular product. The stored data represents a healthy baseline reference of that particular product at the initial point of its life.”

  4. Stent with optimal strength and radiopacity characteristics,” (U.S. Patent 8,454,677) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell and Janet Burpee, on June 4, 2013. “A stent in the form of a thin-walled, multi-cellular tubular structure is provided. The tubular structure has a longitudinal axis and the stent includes a plurality of circumferential sets of strut members. Each set of the strut members is longitudinally displaced from each other and connected to each other by longitudinally extending links. Each set of the strut members forms a closed and cylindrical portion of the stent. Further, each set of the strut members includes a plurality of connected curve sections and diagonal sections. The sets of the strut members further include end sets of strut members located at each end of the stent and central sets of strut members located between the end sets of the strut members. The diagonal sections of the end sets of the strut members have a center portion and two ends.”

  5. Method and system for recovering sulfur in the thermal stage of a Claus reactor,” (U.S. Patent 8,449,860) was issued to Ashwani Gupta on May 28, 2013. “Method and system are presented for the combustion of hydrogen sulfide mixed with other gases for simultaneous recovery of sulfur and energy from hydrogen sulfide at higher efficiency. The amounts and velocity of the hydrogen sulfide into the reactor is selected in such a way that it is not possible to burn the hydrogen sulfide in a normal thin reaction zone during its combustion. The injected hydrogen sulfide gas is mixed in a thermal reactor with fresh air and hot active combustion gases in the reactor on account of internal jet pump effect and self-induced entrainment. The reaction is exothermic so that the chemical energy present in hydrogen sulfide is recovered together with the sulfur. Various reactors are shown capable of controlling the formation of a thermal distribution flow pattern based on the position, and position and direction (and other factors) regarding fluid introduction within a combustion chamber of the reactors.”

  6. Systems and/or methods for using coherent electromagnetic waves to treat tumors and/or other growths,” (U.S. Patent 8,430,872) was issued to William Fourney and Aris Mardirossian on April 30, 2013. “Certain example embodiments relate to techniques for using coherent electromagnetic (EM) waves to treat tumors and/or other growths. In certain example embodiments, a growth is imaged. Based on this image, a holographic plate is prepared. Coherent electromagnetic waves are then focused on the holographic plate so that a holographic image of the growth is formed on the actual growth. Magnetic particles may be injected at or proximate to the growth and captured in the EM field corresponding to the holographic image such that these injected particles are caused to congregate in and/or on the growth. In certain example embodiments, bombarding of the growth with the injected particles may help damage or destroy the tumor. In certain example embodiments, the particles, once attached to and/or embedded in the actual growth may be irradiated (e.g., using a microwave or other energy source) so as to further damage or destroy the growth.”

  7. "MEMS Barcode Device for Monitoring Medical Systems at Point of Care" (U.S. Patent 8,424,765), on April 23, 2013 to Michael Pecht and fellow collaborators Ravi Doraiswami, Arvind Sai Sarathi Vasan, Yunhan Huang, and Andrew Michael Kluger. This invention relates to a novel wireless barcode MEMS canary which can be embedded in electronic systems and periodically monitored to measure degradation over a period of time. The material used to print the bars of the barcode is selected such that it is capable of changing one or more of its properties in response to a change in ambient conditions. Means are provided for reading out said change in properties such that when an interrogator is brought into proximity to the sensor, the change in properties can be detected. By establishing the relationship between the healthy state of the barcode and its degradation to that of the electronic system and the components, the residual life of the system can be established and preventive measures taken before failure.
     
  8. "Prognostic and Health Management Method for Natural Aging Systems" (U.S. Patent 8,423,484) was issued to Michael Pecht on April 16, 2013.The present invention provides a novel prognostic and health management method for natural aging systems. This prognostic and health management method can detect anomalies in a system in advance, and can determine whether the detected anomalies are due to natural aging or other aging processes. In this prognostic method, a moving window method for improving the performance of the conventional data-driven prognostic methods is described. This prognostic and health management method combines with the detections by the data-driven prognostic method based on the conventional training and moving window methods to determine whether the detected anomalies are due to natural aging or other aging processes and in so doing can reduce the number of false alarms; reduce cost of a system by decreasing the unnecessary maintenance, downtime, and inventory; can extend the life of systems; and can assist in the design and qualification of future systems to improve their reliability.
  9. High efficiency turbine and method of generating power,(U.S. Patent 8,393,853) was issued to Millard S. Firebaugh, along with Christopher R. Sauer, Patrick McGinnis and Igor Yatskar, on March 12, 2013. “A turbine includes a plurality of blades that rotate in a single direction when exposed to fluid flow, wherein the plurality of blades are joined to the central shaft by a plurality of radial spokes disposed substantially perpendicular to the central shaft such that the rotating plurality of blades causes the shaft to rotate. The plurality of blades has a uniform airfoil-shaped cross section, where the airfoil cross section presents a non-zero angle of attack to the current. The plurality of blades wind in a spiral trajectory, rotating around the central shaft and having a variable radius along the length of the central shaft such that a distance measured from the plurality of blades to the center shaft is greater near the center of the turbine than at either end.”

  10. Structures and methods for increasing the speed of electroactive polymers,” (U.S. Patent 8,383,226) was issued to Elisabeth Smela and Xuezheng Wang on February 26, 2013. “Structures are provided that include electroactive polymers. According to these structures, the electroactive materials have enhanced conductivity in a first direction. Also, the structures include either pores or inclusions. These pores or inclusions are non-parallel to the first direction. In addition, methods for forming structures that include electroactive polymers that have enhanced conductivity in a first direction are provided. These methods allow for pores and/or inclusions to be formed in the electroactive polymers.”

  11. System, method, and apparatus for suction gripping,” (U.S. Patent 8,382,174) was issued to Jaydev Desai and Chad Kessens on February 26, 2013. “A suction gripper includes a cup member, a suction port, and a valve. The cup member has inner and outer surfaces defining an opening such that the inner surface defines an inner cavity. The suction port provides suction. The valve in is fluid communication with the suction port and the inner cavity of the cup member to modify the suction there between. The valve is operatively coupled to the cup member and is adapted to passively actuate in response to an applied force to the cup member.”

  12. Introducer sheath with thin-walled shaft and improved means for attachment to the skin,” (U.S. Patent 8,348,925) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with Tim A. Fischell, David R. Fischell and Scott J.S. Fischell, on January 8, 2013. “An introducer sheath for placement into the vascular system of a human subject. The introducer sheath has a tubular shaft, a side arm, and a hemostasis valve with an integrated attachment mechanism for attaching and detaching a proximal end of the introducer sheath to and from the skin of the human subject.”

Patents issued in 2012

  1. Approach to contacting nanowave arrays using nanoparticles,” (U.S. Patent 8,324,703) was issued to Michael Zachariah, along with Prahalad Parthangal and Richard Cavicchi, on December 4, 2012. “An in situ approach toward connecting and electrically contacting vertically aligned nanowire arrays using conductive nanoparticles is provided. The utility of the approach is demonstrated by development of a gas sensing device employing the nanowire assembly. Well-aligned, single-crystalline zinc oxide nanowires were grown through a direct thermal evaporation process at 550 degrees Celsius on gold catalyst layers. Electrical contact to the top of the nanowire array was established by creating a contiguous nanoparticle film through electrostatic attachment of conductive gold nanoparticles exclusively onto the tips of nanowires. A gas sensing device was constructed using such an arrangement and the nanowire assembly was found to be sensitive to both reducing (methanol) and oxidizing (nitrous oxides) gases. This assembly approach is amenable to any nanowire array for which a top contact electrode is needed.”
     
  2. Means and method for the detection of cardiac events,” (U.S. Patent 8,265,740) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell, Tim A. Fischell and Jonathan Harwood, on September 11, 2012. “Disclosed is a system for the detection of cardiac events that includes an implanted device called a cardiosaver, a physician's programmer and an external alarm system. The system is designed to provide early detection of cardiac events such as acute myocardial infarction or exercise induced myocardial ischemia caused by an increased heart rate or exertion. The system can also alert the patient with a less urgent alarm if a heart arrhythmia is detected. Using different algorithms, the cardiosaver can detect a change in the patient's electrogram that is indicative of a cardiac event within five minutes after it occurs and then automatically warn the patient that the event is occurring. To provide this warning, the system includes an internal alarm sub-system (internal alarm means) within the cardiosaver and/or an external alarm system (external alarm means) which are activated after the ST segment of the electrogram exceeds a preset threshold.”
     
  3. Introducer sheath having a hemostasis valve with an adhesive means for attachment to the skin,” (U.S. Patent 8,262,625) was issued to Robert Fischell and Scott J.S. Fischell on September 11, 2012. “An introducer sheath for placement of a tubular shaft into the vascular system of a human subject. The introducer sheath has a tubular shaft, a side arm, and a hemostasis valve placed at a proximal portion of the introducer sheath. The hemostasis valve has an adhesive pad formed integral with the shell of the hemostasis valve. The adhesive pad is designed to attach and detach a proximal section of the introducer sheath to and from the skin of the human subject.”
     
  4. Magnetic pulsing system for inducing electric currents in a human body,” (U.S. Patent 8,262,556) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with Scott J.S. Fischell, David R. Fischell, Emily Ma, Kuen Chang, Dave Vondle and Benjamin Pless, on September 11, 2012. “Disclosed is a means and method for the treatment of migraine headaches and other disorders of the human body by the application of one or more intense magnetic pulses. By placing an intense magnetic field pulse(s) onto a certain region of the brain, an electrical current can be generated in the cerebral cortex that can stop a migraine headache in some patients or at least decrease its severity. The device to perform this function can be called a "magnetic pulser system." This system can be made in one piece and powered by plugging into a household or automobile receptacle or from a battery. The pulser system uses capacitors that are first charged to a high voltage and then discharged into a coil that creates the intense magnetic pulse. Both visual and auditory signals can be provided by the pulser system to assist the patient in using the device.”
     
  5. Cantilever with paddle for operation in dual-frequency mode,” (U.S. Patent 8,250,668) was issued to Santiago Solares and Hendrik Holscher on August 21, 2012. “A microcantilever system comprising a paddle, its use and a method of simultaneously acquiring the topography and measuring the tip-sample interactions of a sample with it.”
     
  6. Cardiac event detection over varying time scale,” (U.S. Patent 8,244,338) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell, Jonathan Harwood and Steven R. Johnson, on August 14, 2012. “A system for cardiac event detection over varying time scales includes implanted electrical leads forming a portion of an implanted cardiotracker and external equipment including external alarm mechanisms and a physicians programmer. The cardiac event detection system monitors the degradation of a patient's cardiovascular condition from one or more causes. A processor computes the electrical signals of a heart signal parameter's average value over a time period for a multiplicity of heart rate ranges. The electrical signals are stored and information transmitted to external equipment.”
     
  7. Baseline processing for a cardiac event detection system,” (U.S. Patent 8,224,430) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell, Tim A. Fischell, Jonathan Harwood, Steven R. Johnson, Bruce Hopenfeld and Michael Sasha John, on July 17, 2012. “A system for the detection of cardiac events occurring in a human patient is provided. At least two electrodes are included in the system for obtaining an electrical signal from a patient's heart. An electrical signal processor is electrically coupled to the electrodes for processing the electrical signal and a patient alarm means is further provided and electrically coupled to the electrical signal processor. The electrical signal is acquired in the form of electrogram segments, which are categorized according to heart rate, ST segment shift and type heart rhythm (normal or abnormal). Baseline electrogram segments are tracked over time.”
     
  8. Hybrid vehicles,” (U.S. Patent 8,214,097) was issued to Alex J. Severinsky and Theodore Louckes on July 3, 2012. “A hybrid vehicle comprises an internal combustion engine, a traction motor, a starter motor, and a battery bank, all controlled by a microprocessor in accordance with the vehicle's instantaneous torque demands so that the engine is run only under conditions of high efficiency, typically only when the load is at least equal to 30% of the engine's maximum torque output. In some embodiments, a turbocharger may be provided, activated only when the load exceeds the engine's maximum torque output for an extended period; a two-speed transmission may further be provided, to further broaden the vehicle's load range. A hybrid brake system provides regenerative braking, with mechanical braking available in the event the battery bank is fully charged, in emergencies, or at rest; a control mechanism is provided to control the brake system to provide linear brake feel under varying circumstances.”
     
  9. Introducer sheath with adhesive attachment means and a rotating side tube,” (U.S. Patent 8,206,359) was issued to Robert E. Fischellon June 26, 2012. “The present invention is an introducer sheath that is improved by having an adhesive pad located near the sheath's proximal end that detachably attaches the introducer sheath to the patient's skin without requiring any additional parts that come from a separate sterile package such as a needle and a suture or a separate adhesive pad. The present invention also teaches a means to rotatingly connect the adhesive pad to the sheath's hemostasis valve so that the proximal portion of the hemostasis valve is free to rotate about the adhesive pad even after the adhesive pad is firmly attached to the patient's skin. This design allows the operator to position the side tube that is connected to the hemostasis valve at an optimum location relative to the patient's skin.”
     
  10. Stent having a multiplicity of undulating longitudinals,” (U.S. Patent 8,157,856) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell and Tim A. Fischell, on April 17, 2012. “A method for implanting a balloon expandable stent at a site within a passageway of a curved coronary article. The stent includes at least two longitudinally spaced apart circumferential rings. At least one longitudinally extending connector extends between adjacent rings. The connector has at least one turn back portion that can expand or contract in length while being passed through a curved passageway. The stent is disposed on a stent delivery catheter having an inflatable balloon. The stent delivery catheter and the stent is delivered through the passageway to the site of implementation with the connector member expanding or contracting in length to facilitate delivery and placement of the stent. The stent is expanded at the site of implantation by inflating the balloon to force the stent radially outward against the wall of the coronary artery.”
     
  11. Cell-based sensing: biological transduction of chemical stimuli to electrical signals (nose-on-a-chip),” (U.S. Patent 8,152,992) was issued to Elisabeth Smela and Pamela Abshire on April 10, 2012. “Methods and compositions for the reliable detection of chemical stimuli using a "nose-on-a-chip" are presented. The invention uses cells sensitive to chemical stimuli and detects and processes the signals given by the cells upon contact with chemical stimuli.”
     
  12. Ultra-miniature fiber-optic pressure sensor system and method of fabrication,” (U.S. Patent 8,151,648) was issued to Miao Yu, along with Hyungdae Bae and Xuming Zhang, on April 10, 2012. “Ultra-miniature surface-mountable Fabry-Perot pressure sensor is constructed on an optical fiber which utilizes a 45 degree- angled fiber tip covered with a reflective layer which steers the optical axis of the fiber by 90 degrees. The Fabry-Perot cavity is formed on the sidewall of the fiber and a polymer-metal composite diaphragm is formed on the top of the Fabry-Perot cavity to operate as a pressure transducer. The sensor exhibits a sufficient linearity over the broad pressure range with a high sensitivity. The sensitivity of the sensor may be tuned by controlling the thickness of the diaphragm. The sensor may be used in a wide range of applications, including reliable in vivo low invasive pressure measurements of biological fluids, single sensor systems, as well as integral spatial-division-multiplexing sensor networks. Methods of batch production of uniform device-to-device Fabry-Perot pressure sensors of co-axial and cross-axial configurations are presented.”
     
  13. Hybrid stent with helical connectors,” (U.S. Patent 8,114,149) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell, Rajesh Kalavalapally and William A. Easterbrook III, on February 14, 2012. “The present invention is a hybrid stent design using half-slot circumferential sets of strut members with short (<1.5 mm) slot length that has minimal fish scaling and excellent stent retention and flexibility. These half-slot circumferential sets of strut members are connected one to the other with helical connectors similar to those of the Palmaz stent. One important difference in the design of the stent of the present invention is that the helical connectors are attached to every other crown (rather than connected to every crown) to further improve stent flexibility. By appropriately varying the strut width of both the connected and unconnected curved crowns to be greater at the center than at their ends, an increased radial strength can be provided for a given maximum strain that is imparted to the stent when it is expanded to its maximum diameter.

Patents Issued in 2011

  1. Stent with diagonal flexible connecting links,” (U.S. Patent 8,080,052) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with Robert Burgermeister, David C. Majercak, David R. Fischell and Hikmat Hojeibane, on December 20, 2011. “The present invention envisions an improved flexible connecting link used in conjunction with in-phase and half-phase circumferential sets of strut members. By increasing the total length and diagonality of the undulating connecting links, the present invention is a stent that provides increased flexibility during delivery and enhanced conformability to the shape of a curved artery when the stent is deployed into a curved vessel such as a tortuous coronary artery.”
     
  2. System for the detection of cardiac events,” (U.S. Patent 8,038,624) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell, Tim A. Fischell, Jonathan Harwood and Steven R. Johnson, on October 18, 2011. “Disclosed is a system for the detection of cardiac events (a guardian system) that includes an implanted device called a cardiosaver, a physician's programmer and an external alarm system. The system is designed to provide early detection of cardiac events such as acute myocardial infarction or exercise induced myocardial ischemia caused by an increased heart rate or exertion. The system can also alert the patient with a less urgent alarm if a heart arrhythmia is detected. Using one or more detection algorithms, the cardiosaver can detect a change in the patient's electrogram that is indicative of a cardiac event within five minutes after it occurs and then automatically warn the patient that the event is occurring. To provide this warning, the guardian system includes an internal alarm sub-system (internal alarm means) within the cardiosaver and/or an external alarm system (external alarm means). If the guardian system is put into a pacemaker, the algorithm can utilize a different analysis of the electrogram depending on whether or not the pacemaker is actually pacing the heart.”

Patents Issued in 2010

  1. Method of operating an atomic force microscope in tapping mode with a reduced impact force,” (U.S. Patent 7,856,866) was issued to Balakumar Balachandran, along with Andrew James Dick, Hiroshi Yabuno, Masatoshi Numatsu, Keiichi Hayashi, Masaharu Kuroda and Kiwamu Ashida, on December 28, 2010. “In a tapping mode Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) system, a probe is excited at an excitation frequency other than the probe's first natural frequency to produce a response signal manifesting a grazing bifurcation between "non-collision" and "collision" states of the AFM system, so that an additional characteristic frequency component is generated in the "collision" state. The magnitude of the additional characteristic frequency component is monitored in real time, and the probe-sample separation is adjusted to maintain the monitored magnitude at an optimal value to operate the AFM system at near-grazing conditions.”
     
  2. Responsive electrical stimulation for movement disorders,” (U.S. Patent 7,813,802) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with Thomas K. Tcheng and Benjamin D. Pless, on October 12, 2010. “An implantable neurostimulator system for treating movement disorders includes a sensor, a detection subsystem capable of identifying episodes of a movement disorder by analyzing a signal received from the sensor, and a therapy subsystem capable of applying therapeutic electrical stimulation to treat the movement disorder. The system treats movement disorders by detecting physiological conditions characteristic of an episode of symptoms of the movement disorder and selectively initiating therapy when such conditions are detected.”
     
  3. Method and system for controllable deposition of nanoparticles on a substrate,” (U.S. Patent 7,781,350) was issued to Michael Zachariah along with De-Hao Tsai, Raymond J. Phaneuf, Timothy D. Corrigan and Soo H. Kim, on August 24, 2010. “In a method and system for controllable electrostatic-directed deposition of nanoparticles from the gas phase on a substrate patterned to have p-n junction(s), a bias electrical field is reversely applied to the p-n junction, so that uni-polarly charged nanoparticles are laterally confined on the substrate by a balance of electrostatic, van der Waals and image forces and are deposited on a respective p-doped or n-doped regions of the p-n junction when the applied electric field reaches a predetermined strength. The novel controllable deposition of nanoparticles employs commonly used substrate architectures for the patterning of an electric field attracting or repelling nanoparticles to the substrates and offers the opportunity to create a variety of sophisticated electric field patterns which may be used to direct particles with greater precision.”
     
  4. System and methods for assessing risk using hybrid causal logic,” (U.S. Patent 7,774,293) was issued to Ali Mosleh, along with Chengdong Wang and Franciscus J. Groen, on August 10, 2010. “A hybrid causal framework applies properties of probabilistic models, such as Bayesian belief networks, to causal logic models, such as fault trees and event sequence diagrams. The probabilistic model establishes a joint probability distribution of causal relationships between events and conditions in the logic models. The probability of the events and conditions are found by propagating probabilities from the probabilistic model through the logic models.”
     
  5. Electrically conductive metal impregnated elastomer materials and methods of forming electrically conductive metal impregnated elastomer materials,” (U.S. Patent 7,695,647) was issued to Elisabeth Smela along with Remi Delille, Mario Urdaneta and Samuel Moseley on April 13, 2010. “An electrically conductive, compliant elastomer material that is impregnated with a metal is formed by combining a metal salt with an elastomer precursor material to form a metal salt/precursor mixture, curing the metal salt/precursor mixture to form an elastomer impregnated with metal salt, and treating the elastomer impregnated with metal salt with a chemical reducing composition so as to convert at least a portion of the metal salt impregnated within the elastomer to a metal. The elastomer can be subjected to a suitable solvent that swells the elastomer during the chemical reduction of the metal salt to metal, which enhances the mechanical and electrical properties of the resultant metal impregnated elastomer material.”
     
  6.  “Thermal management of systems having localized regions of elevated heat flux,” (U.S. Patent 7,654,311) was issued to Avram Bar-Cohen and Bao Yang on February 2, 2010. “A thermal management system (300) includes a first heat transfer body (330) for providing an opposing heat flux to at least one localized region of elevated heat flux residing in adjacency to a region of lesser flux, such as on a surface (315a) of a circuit die (315) due to an integrated circuit hot-spot (310). A contact (320, 321 962a, 962b, 970a, 970b or 950) defines a thermal conduction path for the opposing flux. A second heat transfer body (350) is in a heat transport relationship with the first heat transfer boy (330) and a second heat transport relationship with the region of lesser heat flux. In such arrangement, each region of heat flux is provided a thermal solution commensurate with the level of heat flux in the region. For example, the opposing heat flux of an active first heat transfer body (330), such as a thermoelectric cooler, may be provided at the hot-spot (310), while at the same time the lesser heat flux is absorbed by a passive second heat transfer body (350), such as a heat spreader.”
     
  7. Mobile telephone network-based system for detection and location of hazardous agents,” (U.S. Patent 7,653,375) was issued to Jeong Kim and Yung-Lung Ho on January 26, 2010. “A system for detecting hazardous agents is based on cellular telephone networks. The cellular telephones in public circulation have at least one detector for detecting at least one hazardous agent and broadcast alarm packets upon detecting the hazardous agent. A computer or computer network interconnected with telephones by the cellular telephone network processes the alarm packets and sets an alarm condition for the hazardous agent in a vicinity of the cellular telephone by calculations based upon alarm packets from other telephones with detectors for the hazardous agent in the vicinity. A map of the contaminated area is also created.”
     
  8. Means and method for the accurate placement of a stent at the ostium of an artery,” (U.S. Patent 7,651,520) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with Tim A. Fischell, David R. Fischell and Mark E. Zyzelewski, on January 26, 2010. “Disclosed is an ostial stent positioner that has the form of a wire for most of its length and having a short cylinder with a longitudinal slit and expandable legs situated at the positioner's distal end. The slit cylinder with its attached wire acts as an introducer sheath to introduce a stent delivery system with a stent into the artery that is to be stented. A second aspect of the present invention is a method for accurately placing a stent at the ostium of an artery that would have an ostial stenosis. Examples of such arteries that have ostial stenoses are the right and left main coronary arteries, a saphenous vein graft as used in coronary bypass surgery and the renal arteries. Also disclosed are designs for the slit cylinder that provides a variable diameter so as to fit snugly within guiding catheters having different inside diameters.”
     
  9. Two-dimensional microfluids for protein separations and gene analysis,” (U.S. Patent 7,641,780) was issued to Don DeVoe and Cheng Sheng Lee on January 5, 2010. “The invention provides a microfluidic apparatus for performing 2-D biomolecular separations. The microfluidic 2-D device may include first and second planar substrates which include at least a first dimension microchannel extending in a first direction and an array of second dimension microchannels extending in a second direction, preferably, orthogonal to the first dimension. The ends of at least some of the microchannels are in fluid communication with a plurality of reservoirs. The substrates may further include a number of microchannels and reservoirs. The reservoirs are in electrical communication with a plurality of electrodes and voltage power sources. The device enables two dimensional separations of proteins, DNA and other biomolecules. According to another aspect of the invention, an array of tertiary microchannels extending in a third direction may be utilized.”

Patents Issued in 2009

  1. Multi-stage refrigeration system including sub-cycle control characteristics,” (U.S. Patent 7,631,510) was issued to Reinhard Radermacher, along with Toshikazu Ishihara, Hans Huff, Yunho Hwang, Masahisa Otake, Hiroshi Mukaiyama, Osamu Kuwabara and Ichiro Kamimura on December 15, 2009. “A multi-stage refrigeration system is provided. The refrigeration system includes a first compression element which produces a first compressed refrigerant stream. A mixer combines the first compressed refrigerant stream with an auxiliary refrigerant stream. A second compression element is coupled to the mixer and produces a second compressed refrigerant stream. A first heat exchanger receives the second compressed refrigerant stream and generates a cooled stream. A stream splitter receives the cooled stream and provides first and second output streams. A first expansion valve receives the first output stream and controls the flow of the first output stream and a second expansion valve receives the second output stream and controls the flow of the second output stream. A second heat exchanger generates the auxiliary refrigerant stream provided to the mixer. An evaporator is coupled to the first expansion valve and the first compression element to evaporate the first output stream and provide an evaporated stream to the first compression element.”

  2. "Electrically Driven Microfluidic Pumping for Actuation," (U.S. Patent 7,523,608) was issued to Benjamin Shapiro and Associate Professor Elisabeth Smela on April 28, 2009. An actuator cell includes a supply chamber containing fluid, and an expansion chamber for receiving fluid from the supply chamber, and being expandable to deform a predetermined area of the actuator cell. The actuator cell further includes a channel providing a fluid flow passage between the supply and expansion chambers, and a compliant material substantially surrounding the supply chamber, the expansion chamber and/or the channel. An electric circuit applies an electric field adjacent the supply and expansion chambers, and thereby causes fluid flow from the supply to the expansion chamber.

  3. Hybrid vehicle configuration,” (U.S. Patent 7,520,353) was issued to Alex J. Severinsky and Theodore Louckes on April 21, 2009. “A hybrid vehicle comprises an internal combustion engine, a traction motor, a starter motor, and a battery bank, all controlled by a microprocessor in accordance with the vehicle's instantaneous torque demands so that the engine is run only under conditions of high efficiency, typically only when the load is at least equal to 30% of the engine's maximum torque output. In some embodiments, a turbocharger may be provided, activated only when the load exceeds the engine's maximum torque output for an extended period; a two-speed transmission may further be provided, to further broaden the vehicle's load range. A hybrid brake system provides regenerative braking, with mechanical braking available in the event the battery bank is fully charged, in emergencies, or at rest; a control mechanism is provided to control the brake system to provide linear brake feel under varying circumstances.”

  4. Implantable system for monitoring the condition of the heart,” (U.S. Patent 7,512,438) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell, Jonathan Harwood and Steven R. Johnson, on March 31, 2009. “A "tracker system" that includes electrical leads which are part of an implanted cardiotracker plus external equipment that includes external alarm and a physician's programmer. The tracker system is designed to monitor the degradation of a patient's cardiovascular condition from one or more causes, These causes include the rejection of a transplanted heart and/or the progression of a stenosis in a coronary artery. As one or more stenoses in a coronary artery become progressively more narrow thereby causing reduced blood flow to the heart muscle coronary circulation, the tracker system can alert the patient by either or both internal and/or external alarm to take the appropriate medical action. The physician's programmer can be used to display histograms of key heart signal parameters that are indicative of the patient's cardiovascular condition.”

  5. Means and methods for treating headaches,” (U.S. Patent 7,494,458) was issued to Robert E. Fischell, along with David R. Fischell and Adrian R.M. Upton, on February 24, 2009. “Disclosed is a system and method for treating headaches. The system employs a self-contained, battery operated, readily portable and easy-to-operate head-mounted magnetic depolarizer to generate a transient or time-varying high-intensity magnetic field into and around the user's head or neck. The magnetic depolarizer system can be used to depolarize the neurons of the brain and/or the trigeminal nerve. This type of neuronal depolarization has the capability for terminating migraine or other types of headaches.”

  6. System and method of adjusting vehicle window transmission based on high beam detection,” (U.S. Patent 7,486,428) was issued to William Fourney on February 3, 2009. “A system and method for reducing vehicle window (e.g., windshield and/or backlite) visible light transmission when high beams are detected. In certain example embodiments, a detector detects the presence of a light source above certain luminescent threshold. A controller then reduces the visible light transmission of a windshield and/or backlite via an electrochromic process and/or by using electrodes to apply a voltage across a gas-filled chamber for example. The visible light transmission is restored when the controller determines that the light source detected has dropped below the threshold luminescence or has disappeared.”

Patents Issued in 2008

  1. "Micro-Optical Sensor System for Pressure, Acceleration, and Pressure Gradient Measurements," (U.S. Patent 7,428,054) was issued on September 23, 2008 to Assistant Professor Miao Yu and Professor Balakumar Balachandran. Their invention is a micro-optical fiber tip based sensor system for pressure, acceleration, and pressure gradient measurements in a wide bandwidth, the design of which allows for multiplexity of the input side of the system is based on micro-electromechanical fabrication techniques. The optical portion of the system is based on low coherence fiber-optic interferometry techniques which has a sensor Fabry-Perot interferometer and a read-out interferometer combination that allows a high dynamic range and low sensitivity to the wavelength fluctuation of the light source. A phase modulation and demodulation scheme takes advantage of the Integrated Optical Circuit phase modulator and multi-step phase-stepping algorithm for providing high frequency and real time phase signal demodulation. The system includes fiber tip based Fabry-Perot sensors each of which has a diaphragm that is used as a transducer. 
     
  2. "Heat-flux Vased Emissivity/Absorptivity Measurement," (U.S. Patent 7,318,671) by Saeed Moghaddam, John Lawlor and Associate Professor Jungho Kim was issued on January 15, 2008.  The invention is a mechanism and method for directly observing data from which the thermal emissivity or absorptivity of a surface can be calculated. The invention teaches the use of a substantially planar heat-flux or heat-flow sensor employing a thermopile, to measure the rate of heat dissipation from a radiating surface thermally attached to one side of the heat-flux sensor where the radiating surface is exposed to a first temperature and where the second side of the heat flux sensor is in thermal contact with a heat source at a second higher temperature.

Patents Issued in 2007

  1. "Novel Configuration of Thermoelectric Coolers to High-Heat-Flux Hot Spots," (U.S. Patent 7,290,596) by Assistant Professor Bao Yang and Professor Avram Bar-Cohen was issued on November 6, 2007. The invention serves to concentrate the cooling effect of a miniaturized thermoelectric device so as to provide more efficient thermal management of localized "hot spots" on semiconductor devices."

     

  2. "Shadow Moiré Using Non-Zero Talbot Distance," (U.S. Patent 7,230,722) was issued on June 12, 2007 to Professor Bongtae Han and colleague Dr. C.W. Han of the Reliability and Failure Analysis Center of the Korea Electronics Technology Institute. Their invention copes with the limitations of shadow moire encountered in high precision in-situ warpage measurements. Using the non-zero order Talbot distances, the dynamic range of measurements is increased substantially and high measurement sensitivity becomes practical, which are critically required for the warpage measurements of high-end microelectronics devices. More information about this patent »

     

  3. "Fiber Tip Based Sensor System for Measurements of Pressure Gradient, Air Particle Velocity and Acoustic Intensity," (U.S. Patent 7,224,465) was issued on May 29, 2007 to Professor Balakumar Balachandran, Dr. Moustafa Al-Bassyiouni and Assistant Professor Miao Yu. Their invention helps realize a miniature fiber tip based sensor system for pressure measurements that can be used to detect acoustic and vibration fields over a broad frequency range.

     

  4. "Electrohydrodynamically (EHD) Enhanced Heat Transfer System and Method with an Encapsulated Electrode," (U.S. Patent 7,159,646) by Professor Michael Ohadi and Research Associate Professor Serguei V. Dessiatoun was approved by the U.S. Patent and Trade Office in early 2007. Their invention helps increase the efficiency of waste heat utilization in low temperature heat recovery applications as well as in low temperature power and refrigeration cycles.

     

  5. "Electromechanical Device Having a Plurality of Bundles of Fibers for Interconnecting Two Planar Surfaces," (U.S. Patent 7,220,131) by Professor Michael Pecht, Joseph A. Swift, Stanley J. Wallace and Yuliang Deng, was approved by the U.S. Patent and Trade Office on May 22, 2007. The invention allows for the formation of separable or non-separable electro-mechanical connections between one or more of the generally accepted six levels of interconnection. This can help reduce the thickness of interconnects, thus allowing redundancy and additional compliance as desired.