ENME 489W - Thermal Destruction of Wastes (Pollution and Waste Technology)

3 Credits



Introduction to Hazardous Waste Incineration, 2nd Ed. by J. Santoleri, J. Reynolds, and L. Theodore, Wiley, 2000.


This course presents the scientific basis for thermal destruction processes and current technologies for the incineration of municipal solid waste and hazardous wastes. Combustion chemistry and its effect on ash composition and stack emissions will be addressed in the early sessions. Practical aspects of incinerator design and operation for treatment of municipal solid wastes, hazardous wastes and sludge will be presented, with emphasis given to potential air pollution.


This course is designed to give students an understanding of thermal destruction, incineration and combustion of solid wastes and the associated problem of air pollution from these sources. Emphasis is on solid wastes, current practices for the design of thermal destruction systems and environmental pollution.


  • Introduction
  • Chemistry of Combustion
  • Reaction stoichiometry, Material and energy balances, Reaction Kinetics
  • Combustion Processes
  • Turbulent flow model for gases
  • Thermal decomposition of solids
  • Process Design Considerations,
  • Feed composition
  • Heat of combustion
  • Smoke and generation
  • Design of Combustion Systems
  • Typical designs, Refractory materials, Corrosion, Heat transfer, Jet and swirl flow systems
  • Contemporary and Advanced Practices in Municipal Solid Waste Incineration and Thermal
  • Destruction
  • Material handling
  • Methods of Thermal Destruction, Process control, Pollution control
  • Incineration of Sludge Waste
  • Multiple Hearth Furnace, Fluidized Bed
  • Air Pollution and Control Methods, Particulates, Unburned fuel
  • Sulphur and nitrogen oxides, Air toxins, Pollution control equipment

Class/Laboratory Schedule 

  • One 160 minute lecture per week

Last Updated By 
Ashwani. K. Gupta, June 2017