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Liu, Xinan

Liu, Xinan
Research Associate Professor
Coordinator of the Thermal-Fluids Undergraduate Laboratory
Room 1209, Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building
College Park, MD 20742

Research Interests 

  • The response of sea surface to rainfalls and its effect on radar backscattering
  • Breaking waves and surfactants
  • Low-frequency gravity waves in shoaling water


  • Ph. D. University of Maryland, 2002

Selected Publications 

  1. Liu X. D. Wang and J. H. Duncan, Experimental study of the effects of light-winds and surfactants on spilling breakers, J. Fluid Mech., to be submitted.
  2. Q. Zheng, B. Holt, X. Li, X. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yuan and X. Yang, 2012, Deep-water seamount wakes on SEASAT SAR images in the Gulf Stream region, Geophyiscal Research Letters. VOL. 39, L16604, 6 PP., doi:10.1029/2012GL052661.
  3. Liu X. W. Lin, and P. Huang, 2010, A laboratory study of low-frequency waves induced by random gravity waves on sloping beaches, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering. Vol. 135, No.3, 127-134.
  4. J. Diorio, X. Liu and J. H. Duncan, 2009, An experimental investigation of incipient spilling breakers. J. Fluid Mech., Vol. 633, pp 271-283.
  5. Liu X., J. Diorio and J. H. Duncan, 2008, Spilling breakers and surfactants, Phys. Fluids, Vol. 20, 091103; DOI:10.1063/1.2973459.
  6. Liu X. and J. H. Duncan, 2007, Weakly breaking waves in the presence of surfactant micelles, Physical Review E, Vol. 76, No. 6, 061201.
  7. Liu X., and J H. Duncan, G. M. Korenowski and J. S. Kelly, 2007, A laboratory study of longitudinal waves in surfactant films in a water wave tank, Journal of Geophysics Research. Vol. 112, C06005.
  8. Liu X. and J. H. Duncan, 2006, An experimental study of surfactant effects on spilling breakers, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 567, 433-455.
  9. Zhang S., Q. Zheng and X. Liu, 2004, Finite element analysis of suction penetration seepage field of bucket foundation platform with application to offshore oilfield development, Ocean Engineering, Vol. 31, 1591-1599.
  10. Liu. X and J. H. Duncan, 2003, The effect of surfactants on spilling breaking waves, Nature, Vol.421, 520-523.
  11. Sletten M.A., J. C. West, X. Liu, and J. H. Duncan, 2003, Radar investigations of breaking water waves at low grazing angles with simultaneous high-speed optical imagery,  Radio Science, Vol. 38, No.6, 1110, doi:10.1029/2002RS002716.
  12. Liu. X and J. H. Duncan, 2003, The generation of micro-jets in spilling breakers in the presence of surfactants, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 15, No. 9, S11.
  13. Huang P., X. Chen and X. Liu, 1999, The statistical distribution of heights of random non-breaking shoaling sea waves, J. of Oceanography of Huanghai and Bohai Seas, Vol.17, No.1, 1-6.
  14. Liu X., J. Cui, W. Wang and Y. Yang, 1999, A field experimental investigation of tracer sand motion in a coral reef coast during the occurrence of a tropical storm, Oceanologica et Limnologia Sinica, Vol.29, No.1. 315-320.
  15. Huang P., X. Chen, X. Liu, and Z. Hu, 1998, Probability distributions of surface elevations of random non-breaking shoaling sea waves, Acta Oceanologica Sinica, Vol.21, No.1.  17-22.
  16. Liu X. and P. Huang, 1998, A nonlinear model for non-breaking shoaling random waves, Acta Oceanologica Sinica, Vol.17, No.2. 155-165.
  17. Liu X. and P. Huang, 1997, A new model for nonlinear random waves, Oceanologica et Limnologia Sinica, Vol.28, No.5. 310-314.
  18. Liu X. and P. Huang, 1995, Study on method of numerical simulation of nonlinear random waves, Chinese. J. Oceanol. Limnol., Vol.12, No.3. 206-214.
  19. Liu X. and P. Huang, 1993.The retrieval of nonlinear random waves from the non-Gaussian characteristics of sea surface elevation distributions, Acta Oceanologica Sinica, Vol.12, No.4. 499-510.
  20. Huang P, X. Liu and Z. Hu , 1992. The force of wind waves acting on a vertical breakwater, Acta Oceanologica Sinica, Vol.14, No.6. 199-131.
  21. Liu X. and P. Huang, 1991, A computation of shallow water wave spectrum under shoaling effects. J. of Huanghai Sea and Bohai Sea, Vol.9, No.4. 1-9.
  22. Liu X. and P. Huang, 1991, Numerical simulation of non-Gaussian process of wind waves, Acta Oceanologica Sinica, Vol.10, No.2. 199-216.