Faculty Directory

Gupta, Ashwani K.

Gupta, Ashwani K.

Distinguished University Professor
Minta Martin Professor of Engineering
Professor, Institute of Physical Science and Technology
Affiliate Professor, Dept . of Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Maryland Energy Innovation Institute
Aerospace Engineering
2159 Glenn L. Martin Hall, Building 088


  • Ph.D., 1973, University of Sheffield, UK
  • D.Sc., 1986, University of Sheffield, UK
  • D.Sc., 2013, Southampton University, UK


Professor Ashwani K. Gupta has been a faculty member in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Maryland, College Park since 1983, following six years at MIT as a member of the research staff in the Energy Laboratory and Department of Chemical Engineering, and three years at Sheffield University as an independent research worker and research fellow in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Fuel Technology.  He has 45+ years of experience in Combustion engineering since his graduation from Southampton University in 1970. He has authored/co-authored over 850 technical papers, three books, 18 edited books, and 22 book chapters. In 2023, Gupta was elected to Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng), UK.  In 2020, he was elected to Honrary Fellowship of the Royal Aeronautical Society (RAeS), UK, the highest professional recognition bestowed by the RAeS.  He is currently Honorary Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and Fellow of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics AIAA), Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and American Society of Thermal and Fluids Engineers (ASTFE), and Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts (EASA). In 2022, Gupta was included in the top 2% of the scientists in the world  by Stanford University which includes the researchers who receive the most citations across all academic fields. More about Dr. Gupta on his Wikipedia. 


  • Fellow, Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng), UK (2023)
  • Top 2% of the Scientists in the world published by Stanford University (2022)
  • Honorary Fellow of Royal Aeronautical Society, RAeS U.K (2020).
  • Honorary Member (Fellow) of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (2016)
  • Honoris Causa Doctorate, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (2014)
  • Honoris Causa Doctorate, King Mungkut University of Technology North Bangkok, Bestowed by the Princess of Thailand (2014)
  • Honoris Causa Doctorate, University of Derby, UK (2015)
  • Fellow of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (1991), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (2000), Society of Automotive Engineers (2007), American Association for the Advancement of Science (2016), and American Society of Thermal and Fluids Engineers (2024)
  • Member, European Academy of Science and Arts, EASA (2021)
  • AIAA Energy Systems Award (1990)
  • ASME George Westinghouse Gold Medal (1998)
  • AIAA Propellants and Combustion Award (1999)
  • ASME James Harry Potter Gold Medal Award (2003)
  • University of Maryland President Kirwan Research Award (2003)
  • ASME James N. Landis Medal (2004)
  • University of Maryland A. James Clark School of Engineering Outstanding Research Award (2006)
  • ASME Worcester Reed Warner Medal (2008)
  • Distinguished University Professor (2008)
  • ASME Holly Medal (2010)
  • ASME-AIM Percey Nichols Award (2011)
  • AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Award (2014)
  • ASEE Ralph Coats Roe Award (2015)
  • ASME Honorary Member/Fellow (2016)
  • AIAA Pendary Aerospace Literature Award (2017)
  • ASME Sochiro Honda Medal (2018)
  • ASME Dixy Lee Ray award (2021)
  • Seven Best Paper Awards by AIAA (in 1987, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2006, 2010 & 2010) and three by ASME (in 1991, 1997 & 2003)
  • Delivered 90+ Plenary/Keynote/Invited presentations at international conferences and organizations during the past 20 years


  • Ediotr in Chief of Intl. J. Energy for a Clean Environment (IJECE)
  • Editor in Chief of APEC Youth Scientist Journal
  • Associate Editor of ASME Journal of Energy Resources Technology
  • Associate Editor of Journal of Applied Energy
  • Associate Editor of International Fuel Sprays and Combustion Dynamics
  • Associate Editor of Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environment
  • Editor, Energy and Engineering Science Series, CRC Press
  • Associate Editor, J. Prop. and Power
  • Chair, Board of Boiler Rules, State of Maryland
  • Chair, ASME Fuels and Combustion Tech. Division (1998-2000)
  • Chair of ASME FACT Section, Power Division (2017-present)
  • Executive Committee Member, ASME Computers and Information in Engineering Division (1999-2000)
  • Director of Propulsion and Energy, and Member of Board of Directors, AIAA (2006-2012)
  • Deputy Directr of Energy, AIAA (2000-2007, and 2018-present) 
  • Oversight Chair, International Conference on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3)


  • Swirl flows
  • Combustion
  • Sprays
  • High-temperature air combustion (HiTAC)
  • Distributed combustion
  • Sulfur chemistry and sulfur removal from acid gases in natural gas
  • Biofuels / fuel reforming
  • CO2 use for fuels and value-added products
  • Microcombustion
  • Alternative fuels/ Biofuels
  • Air pollution
  • High intensity gas turbine combustion / Green combustion turbine
  • Thermal destruction of solid and liquid wastes
  • Gasification and pyrolysis
  • Supercritical and near critical CO2 liquifaction of biomass to liquid fuels
  • Waste & Biomass comnversion to value added products using CO2   
  • Sensors and diagnostics
  • Internal combustion engines
  • Fouling and deposition
  • Non-intrusive laser diagnostics
  • Hypersonics - non-intrusive flow diagnostics

High Temperature Energy Systems (HiTES), Gasification, Pyrolysis, Colorless Distributed Combustion, Micro-combustion, Biofuels,  Air toxins,  Combustion, Laser Diagnostics, Sulfur recovery from acid gases present in natural gas and oils, High intensity gas turbnie combustuon, CO2 utilization, Supercritical & Near critical liquifaction of low grade feedstocks to liquid biofuels, Near Critical Integrated liquefaction and Extraction (NILE) proces, Waste and biomass conversion to fuels and high value-added products, Biomass char to activated carbon conversion, Swirl flows, Noise emisson and reduction from flames, Precessinf Vortex Cores (PVC) in swirl flows, MHD, High intensity gas turbine combustion, and Hydrogen production from hydrocarbons   

Thermo-Fluid Courses


  • Mavukwana, A. E, Burra, K. G., Sempuga, C., Castaldi, M., and Gupta, A. K.: Effect of Spent FCC Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalyst on Syngas Production from Pyrolysis and CO2-assisted Gasification of Waste Tires, Fuel Journal, Vol. 355, Issue 1, Jan. 2024, 129446, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2023.129446
  • Roy, R., and Gupta, A. K.: Comparison of Non-reactive Flow fields in Conventional Swirl-air Combustion and Swirl Distributed Combustion, J. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Vol. 150, Jan. 1, 2024, 111029 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2023.111029  
  • Burra, K. G, Sahin, M., Zheng, Y., and Gupta, A. K.: Near-Critical CO2-Assisted Liquefaction-Extraction of Biomass and Wastes to Fuels and Value-Added Products, ASME J. Energy Resources Technology, Jan. 2024, 146(1): 011801 (9 pages), https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4063813    


  • Li J., Ye X., Burra K. G., Lu W., Wang Z., Liu X. and Gupta A. K.: Synergistic Effects During Co-pyrolysis and Co-gasification of Polypropylene and Polystyrene, Applied Energy, 336, April 15, 2023, 120750, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.202B3.120750
  • Zhiwei Wang, Mengge Wu, Gaofeng Chen, Mengju Zhang, Tanglei Sun, Kiran G. Burra, Shuaihua Guo, Yan Chen, Shuhua Yang, Zaifeng Li, Tingzhou Lei, and Ashwani K. Gupta, Co-pyrolysis Characteristics of Waste Tire and Maize Stalk using TGA, FTIR and Py-GC/MS Analysis, Fuel Journal, 337, 2023, p. 127206.. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2022.127206
  • Cao, Q., Lu W., Li, J., Burra, K. R. G., and Gupta, A. K.: Energy Recovery of Expired Pistachios from Pyrolysis and CO2-assisted Gasification, ASME J. Energy Resources Tech., Trans ASME, January 2023, 145(1): 012102. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4054788 .


  •  Roy, R., and Gupta, A. K.: Data-driven Prediction of Flame Temperature and Pollutant Emission in Distributed Combustion, Applied Energy J., Vol. 310, March 15, 2022, p. 118502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.118502
  • Li, J., Burra K. G., Wang, Z., Liu, X., and Gupta, A. K.: Syngas Evolution and Energy Efficiency in CO2 Assisted Gasification of ion-exchanged Pine wood, Fuel Journal, Vol. 317, p. 123549, June, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2022.123549
  • Roy, R., and Gupta, A. K.: Recognition of Distributed Combustion Regime from Deep Learning, ASME J. Energy Resources Tech. Vol. 144, no. 9, Sep. 2022, p. 092303 (5 pages). https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4053616.


  • Wang, Z., Burra, K. G., Lei, T., and Gupta, A. K.: Co-pyrolysis of Waste Plastic and Solid Biomass for Synergistic Production of Biofuels and Chemicals-A Review, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Vol. 84, May 2021, 100899. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2020.100899
  • Li, J., Burra, K.G., Wang, Z., Liu, X., and Gupta, A.K.: Co-gasification of High Density Polyethylene and Pretreated Pinewood, Applied Energy, 285, 116472, 2021.   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.116472
  • Liu, X., Burra, K., Wang, Z., Li, J and A. K. Gupta, A. K.: Towards Enhanced Understanding of Synergistic Effects in Co-pyrolysis of Pinewood and Polycarbonate, Applied Energy, Vol. 289, 1 May 2021, 116662, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.116662



  • Brooks, J. M., Gupta, A. K., Smith, M. S. and Marineau, E. C.: High-Speed Local Particle Injection for Particle Image Velocimetry, AIAA Journal, Aug 2019, https://doi.org/10.2514/1.J057654
  • Hussein, A. M. A., Burra, K. G., Bassioni, G., Hammouda, R. M. and Gupta A. K.: Production of CO from CO2 over mixed-metal oxides derived from layered-double-hydroxides, Applied Energy, Vol. 235, February 2019, pp. 1183-1191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.11.040 
  • Burra, K. and Gupta, A. K.: Modeling of Biomass Pyrolysis Kinetics Using Sequential Multi-Step Reaction Model, Fuel Journal, Vol. 237, 2019, pp. 1057-1067. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.09.097







  • Singh, A., Yu, M., Bryden, K.M. and Gupta, A. K.: Investigation of Noise Radiation from a Swirl Stabilized Diffusion Flame with an Array of Microphones, J. Applied Energy, Vol. 112, pp. 313-324, December 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.06.034
  • Pang, C., Yu, M., Gupta, A. K. and Bryden, K. M.: Investigation of Smart Multifunctional Optical Sensor Platform and its Application in Optical Sensor Networks, Smart Structures and Systems, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2013, pp. 023-039, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sss.2013.12.1.023
  • Arghode, V. and Gupta, A.K.: Role of Thermal Intensity on Operational Characteristics of Ultra-Low Emission Colorless Distributed Combustion, J. Applied Energy, Vol. 111, November 2013, pp. 930-956.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.06.039



  • Abdelhafez, A. and Gupta, A. K., "Effect of Swirl on Mixing in Underexpanded Supersonic Airflow", J. Propulsion and Power, Vol. 27, No. 1, January-February, 2011, pp. 117-131, https://doi.org/10.2514/1.45716

  • Ahmed, I. I., Nipattummakul, N., Gupta A. K., "Characteristics of Syngas from Co-Gasification of Polyethylene and Woodchips", J. Applied Energy, Vol. 88, 2011, pp. 165-174, https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.07.007

  • Shirsat, V. and Gupta, A. K.: A Review of Progress in Heat Recirculating Meso-Scale Combustors, J. Applied Energy, Vol. 88, Issue: 12, 2011, pp. 4294-4309, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.07.021  

Gupta Inducted into Royal Academy of Engineering

UMD professor is honored for his achievements in clean and efficient energy conversion.

Ashwani Gupta Named Royal Academy of Engineering Fellow

Recognition honors Gupta’s role as a leading international authority on swirl flows and volume distributed combustion. 

UMD ME Faculty Ranked in Top 2% of Scientists Worldwide

The department is home to some of the most widely-cited researchers in their fields.

Balachandran Named Distinguished University Professor

UMD Chair of Mechanical Engineering also wins AIAA’s Pendray Award.

Gupta Awarded Honorary Fellowship from the Royal Aeronautical Society

Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta recognized for exemplary contributions to aerospace science and technology literature.

2019 Hulka/Wells Energy Fellowships Awarded

Projects include energy harvesting and clean energy fuel production

Gupta Awarded ASME Soichiro Honda Medal

Recognized for outstanding achievement in developing improvements in the field of personal transportation.

Gupta Awarded AIAA Pendray Aerospace Literature Award

Recognized for exemplary contributions to aerospace literature

Gupta Named 2016 AAAS Fellow

Department of Mechanical Engineering Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta named AAAS Fellow.

Gupta Named ASME Honorary Member

Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta has been named a 2016 Honorary Member of ASME.

Gupta Receives Golden Elephant Award from Surindra Rajabhat University, Thailand

Mechanical Engineering Distinguished Professor Ashwani Gupta recognized for scientific achievement and academic collaboration.

Professor Ashwani Gupta Awarded Honorary Doctorate

Gupta was honored with the degree by the University of Derby, United Kingdom.

Mechanical Engineering Professors Receive DURIP Awards

Two professors win awards to support new research instrumentation.

Gupta Receives ASEE 2015 Ralph Coats Roe Award

Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta receives 2015 Ralph Coats Roe Award at ASEE annual conference.

Gupta Receives AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Award

Department of Mechanical Engineering Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta receives 2014 AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Award.

Gupta and Khalil Receive ASME Melville Medal

Professor Ashwani Gupta and graduate student Ahmed Khalil awarded Melville Medal at the ASME 2013 International Congress and Exposition.

Gupta Awarded Honorary Doctorate from King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok

Her Royal Highness the Queen of Thailand to preside over ceremony.

Gupta Awarded Higher Doctorate from the University of Southampton

Prof. Ashwani Gupta was awarded a D.Sc. for his contributions to the field of combustion engineering.

Gupta Receives Honorary Doctorate

Professor Ashwani Gupta awarded honorary doctorate from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Ashwani Gupta Research Paper in Top 10 Downloaded at ASME Journal of Energy Resources Technology

Research paper debuted as fourth on list of top downloads in May.

Ashwani Gupta Receives the Percy Nicholls Award

ME professor recognized for his scientific contributions in the field of solid fuels.

Ashwani Gupta Awarded 2010 ASME Holley Medal

ME professor recognized for contributions to efficient alternative energy methods.

ME Professor Re-Elected to American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Board of Directors

Dr. Ashwani Gupta begins his second 3-year term as AIAA Director of Technical Propulsion and Energy Group.

Ashwani Gupta Awarded the ASME Worcester Reed Warner Medal

Professor recognized for engineering publications by ASME.

ME Students Tour Waste Management Company

Professor A.K. Gupta and ENME 489W students visit waste management company

Clark School Sweeps OTC Awards

Thin battery, nano-velcro and key exchange system named top UM inventions.

Energy 2030 Conference set for November in Abu Dhabi

ME department collaborates with Petroleum Institute for international event

Ashwani K. Gupta Elevated to SAE Fellow Status

Designation is highest grade of membership bestowed by SAE International.

Ashwani K. Gupta Appointed Distinguished University Professor

Designation is the highest academic honor bestowed by the University of Maryland.

Mechanical Engineering Recognizes Faculty Accomplishments

Edward B. Magrab honored at reception recognizing distinguished service to campus and department.

Gupta Elected Director of Propulsion & Energy at AIAA

Prof. Ashwani K. Gupta to lead Propulsion & Energy group efforts.

Supersonic Combustion for a Hypersonic Space Plane

Astrox Corporation, University of Maryland discovery could enable two-hour flights from D.C. to Australia.

Professors A.K. Gupta, Ohadi Chair Intl. Energy Conference

Conference held in Abu Dhabi during November 1-2, 2006.

Ashwani Gupta Receives A. James Clark School of Engineering Outstanding Research Award

On September 13, 2006 Professor Ashwani Gupta receives prestigious award.

Ashwani Gupta Receives Outstanding Research Award

Professor Ashwani Gupta received the UM College of Engineering Outstanding Research Award given to recognize exceptionally influential research accomplishments by its faculty.

Professor Ashwani Gupta Recognized by Outstanding Service & Best Paper Awards

Congratulations to Professor Gupta for these outstanding awards.

Mechanical Engineering Honors Prof. James Wallace & Faculty

Mechanical Engineering faculty were honored at the Faculty Recognition Event and Dinner on Friday, May 12.


Ashwani Gupta's ENME 489W class visited the Wheelabrator Baltimore Company that converts domestic Wastes to Energy.


Students from the ENME 489W visited the Wheelabrator Baltimore Company that converts domestic Wastes to Energy.

ME Students Tour Power Plant in DC

Professor Ashwani Gupta and his ENME 489A class toured the General Services Administration Power plant.

Professor Ashwani K. Gupta Awarded James N. Landis Medal

Professor of Mechanical Engineering Ashwani K. Gupta has been awarded the James N. Landis Medal.


ENME 489W class visited Baltimore Company that converts domestic Wastes to Energy on April 22, 2004.


Professor Ashwani K. Gupta and his student Sean Archer received Best Paper Award.

Professor Ashwani K. Gupta awarded James Harry Potter Gold Medal

The award consists of a $2000 honararium, vermeil medal and certifcate.

Ashwani Gupta Chosen for Presidental Committee

ME Professor Ashwani Gupta has been invited to be a member of the Nanotechnology Technical Advisory Group.

Prof. A.K. Gupta to Receive Kirwan Prize

ME Ashwani K. Gupta has been selected to receive the 2003 Kirwan Faculty Research and Scholarship Prize.

Ashwani Gupta provides his students a visit to Waste to Energy Power Plant

Ashwani Gupta took his students to see the WM Baltimore Resco Waste to Energy Power Plant.

College Faculty Win a Prestigious NASA Award

The award is granted for the establishment of one of the seven NASA URETI.

Students Visit Waste-to-Energy Power Plant

Professor Ashwani Gupta's ENME 489W class visited the Waste Management Baltimore RESCO Waste to Energy Conversion Power Plant located in Baltimore.

Eight Mechanical Engineering Faculty Present at ASME Conference

Eight faculty members from the Department of Mechanical Engineering attended, presented, and were divisional chairs at the 2001 ASME Conference.

Other professional society fellows

  • Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
  • American Association of Arts and Science (AAAS),
  • Member, European Academy of Arts and Sciences (EASA).

  • Honorary Fellow

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

  • Honorary Fellow

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

  • Fellow

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

  • Fellow